Cornell Law Review Volume 98 Issue 1

Managerial Judging: The 9/11 Responders’ Tort Litigation

Most Americans associate the terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center (WTC) in New York with the violent deaths of nearly three thousand victims within hours from the time that jetliners crashed into the twin towers.  Less attention has been focused on the more than sixty thousand postcollapse responders who, over a ten-month period, engaged in round-the-clock rescue, recovery, and debris-removal efforts at the site.  Many of the responders—police officers, firefighters, construction workers, and others—allegedly suffered injury and death from exposure to the hazardous environments in which they worked.  This Article describes the tort litigation in federal district court on behalf of the more than ten thousand responders who claimed to have suffered injury due to their on-site exposures.


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